Area: 6 square miles
Population: 63,191 (2020)
Demographics: 25.8% of Brookline's residents are foreign-born, and the town has continued to become more racially and culturally diverse over the past several decades. Approximately 25% of the town's population is minority or mixed-race, and the fastest-growing minority group is Asian at 17.5%. The median age of residents is 35.3 years and the median household income was $122,356 as of 2020.
Brief History: Brookline was incorporated as an independent town in 1705 and its residents declined to be annexed by Boston during the Boston-Brookline annexation debate of 1873. This led to Brookline being non-contiguous with any other part of Norfolk County because its neighboring town of West Roxbury was annexed by Boston and joined Suffolk County.
The town of Brookline began as an agricultural community in the 17th century before it became a streetcar suburb of Boston during the mid-19th century. By 1900, most of the remaining farmland had been divided into residential developments that were supported by the existing mass transit connections. Due to its transition from farm to suburb, Brookline never had significant industry, and today less than 6% of its land is zoned for commercial use.
Historic Places and Cultural Places of Interest: Cultural and recreational offerings are many, including the JFK Birthplace National Historic Site, Frederick Law Olmstead National Historic Site, Larz Anderson Park, Brookline Reservoir Park, Longyear Museum, The Country Club, the Town of Brookline's Robert T. Lynch Municipal Golf Course, and the Coolidge Corner Theater.
Amenities: Brookline's main commercial hubs are centered along Beacon Street, Harvard Street, and in Coolidge Corner, Brookline Village, Washington Square, and The Square in Chestnut Hill. Brookline is also in close proximity to major area medical centers and hospitals.
Parks and Recreation: Larz Anderson Park offers outdoor ice skating in winter and scenic vistas of the Boston skyline. Fisher Hill Reservoir and Brookline Reservoir both offer walking paths and beautiful green spaces. The famed and historic Country Club, a founding member club of USGA is located in Chestnut Hill adjacent to the public Town of Brookline's Robert T. Lynch Municipal Golf Course.
Public Transporation: Brookline is served by the MBTA's Green Line with its three branches, running along Commonwealth Avenue, Beacon Street, and through Brookline Village. Several bus routes also run throughout the town.
Education: Brookline's public school system is highly ranked nationally, and its public high school is located in the heart of the town. Read about private pre-K schools including Chestnut Hill School, Dexter Southfield, Beaver Country Day School, and Brimmer and May, or our top-tier higher educational institutions such as Boston College, University of Boston, and more here.
Discover What Brookline has to Offer
Learn more about what makes Brookline a unique place to live, including the local vibrant shopping and dining scene, and read more about the area's top academic institutions here!
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